Musical Room Open to All Students

This week I learned a lot more about the principals of UDL (Universal Design for Learning). UDL is all about adapting your classroom for all learners to ensure every student gets a fair opportunity to learn. Fortunately, all the changes that you make to your classroom to help some students ends up helping all students. Schools that have easy access to text-to-speech applications helps dyslexic students, ADD students, auditory student, hard-of-hearing students, and more!

To really immerse myself in these ideas I was asked by my CEP 811 course to look back over a lesson plan I created a few weeks ago and make changes that help all students. If you’ve been following my blog you may remember the lesson that I created where students worked together using a MakeyMakey to create an interactive room for guests to walk through and interact with. If you want to remind yourself of that post please click here.

List

I’m a list person, I make lists upon lists upon lists to stay organized. I make them on my computer, phone, sticky notes, … anything I can find. Therefore I was so thankful that my professors gave me an editable list to go through and take notes on to see how my current lesson addressed all the key UDL principals. If you want to look at my notes just click here. The writing in black is the notes I took on my original lesson plan, while the purple font reflects some of the changes I made this week. I think this could be a helpful tool to use during every unit I teach and to keep in the front of my mind for daily lessons.

Throughout the last six weeks this is actually the third official draft of my lesson plan for a musical room. In the same vein as the list, the black is from the previous draft and the purple font is what I altered with the UDL ideas in mind. I’m really pleased with how much more inclusive and in-depth the lesson became after these changes. Originally I thought that an open-ended exploratory framework for each day would be great. While I didn’t add many specific tasks to any day I did help chunk my lessons into more manageable pieces that students could follow along with on their summary sheets. I created a worksheet of sorts for each day where students were asked to answer a few questions that would review the previous day, have them think about their plan for the current day, and self-reflect on how they spent their day. Those are all skills that are addressed in the UDL ideals and helpful for all students. Below is a word cloud that I created using Wordle by copy and pasting my five days of planning to see what words I used the most. I was overjoyed to see that my most used word was “student” – UDL helps make the students the focus of the lesson more than anything else. I also used the words MakeyMakey, summary, explain, sheet, room frequently. Wordle is such a fun way to visually see the focus of a set of words! I had heard of Wordle before, but I never tried created one myself. I wish I understood how easy and helpful these can be! I can see myself working these into my lessons more frequently after finally trying one myself.

Wordle: Interactive Musical Room Lesson Plan

In my updated lesson plan I also took more advantage of the 1:1 technology of my school. Since I teach online at a public charter school all students are provided with a computer and headset. In my original lesson plan I had the students look up MakeyMakey examples online if they wanted to, but that was about it. During this revision of my lesson plan I provided the summary sheets in their email so that students could use their computer. This can help with students who need text-to-speech, speech-to-text, are better with typing than writing, prefer computers, need spell check, etc. I also adapted an earlier instructional blog post to create a how-to sheet for making a piano using water in drinking glasses. I even used bubbl.us to create a brainstoring map to show the flow of my 4 day lesson. This tool is going to be great to use with my students in a virtual classroom to create an online mind map that they can share. I’ve tried using Microsoft Word in a similar way before, but it’s more difficult and time-consuming than this site.

Created using bubble.us

Created using bubble.us

 

I also added a portion of a summary sheet with a graphic organizer to fill in at the beginning of the lesson unit. I had originally planned to discuss conductivity related to using a MakeyMakey, but now there is a physical representation that students can fill out. This list will help reinforce the information that we verbally discuss as well as provide a spot for students to look back at later in the unit.

Overall I am much happier with my revised lesson plan. I honestly thought that it was a good lesson before this week, but after taking each UDL principal into account while revamping it it’s gotten so much better!

References

Rogers, Carissa. (2008). kid to do list, list, Be happy and go home. Retrieved August 10, 2014 from Flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/rog2bark/3437630552/in/photolist-6eLKNh-5UDreC-4cpJwh-4d2PMz-bEPm7E-6tQG1N-7YFeSB-82Z8Cz-CdE9B-8QzzeL-87uSWj-2v76ZB-hfeWM-7S3bUw-7Mfehz-8yZxtY-5sn96z-9fv65v-7pHc1U-4tGweV-7MD3dV-57JGWQ-xkmcD-5raao6-f4tB4-7iiwfN-wQYgi-gcq9mk-6B1dj5-6n25Xw-4tLxTC-fMyYHh-5jhfU6-5okhYJ-8ZkX4z-6oGuSN-9Tc4PR-fJL71z-8aWuJs-6wqgMN-6kr1hu-7aftUu-8yTnut-6hG6pZ-7ENKAT-9wKsHh-6BteLf-6n9R42-6VJMFx-7MLCQJ

Research Based Musical Room

Last week I was asked to create a lesson plan using my Maker Kit (MakeyMakey) that would engage students in creative learning. I chose to have my students work together to create an interactive musical room as a version of an ice-breaker / team-building task. I did not place many guidelines on the assignment, because I wanted students to be free to create whatever they wanted. You can click on my lesson plan to view it (with changes from last week in purple) here –> Weinlander MakeyMakey Sample Lesson Plan.

This week I watched a TED talk about the digital divide between educators who use new technology to replace old techniques and educators who use new technology to do things that couldn’t be done before. Richard Culatta spoke about three main challenges schools are faced with currently – treating all learners the same, holding the schedule constant, and performance data being shared too late to be helpful. These challenges resonated with me greatly. It’s actually one of the main reasons why I love working at my current job as an online Title 1 teacher at Michigan Connections Academy. Students are assigned a certain number of lessons each day to evenly distribute their course throughout the semester. However there are no hard deadlines other than the end of the semester. Students therefore can spend 15 minutes or 4 hours on a single lesson, however long it takes them to understand. They can work on school 5 days a week for 6.5 hours, or split their time another way. At the end of each lesson 3-7 multiple choice questions are asked to see if students understand the material. These do not affect their grade, and instead are to be used to direct future learning and gaps in knowledge. never teachI was pretty convinced already at this point, but I did more research to see if personalized learning, collaborative problem-solving, and immediate feedback were the direction education should be taking (Cullatta, 2014). As I searched, I had my original lesson plan in mind. Yes, I had allowed students to work at their own pace, collaborate, and problem-solve, but I knew I could do better. I wanted to add an option of solving a problem I had given them, not just problems that they encountered along the way. Problem-based learning is a popular method of teaching in which students are given challenging and relevant problems to solve in a small group. “This approach is often used to increase learner interactions by working together collaboratively. Teams determine the needs, and work through the steps to solve the problem.” (Holland and Holland; 2014) Frequently that is how problems outside of the classroom will arrive – without direction. I hope to teach my students how to handle that in any way that I can.

I’ve updated my lesson plan to include some problems for students to think about, knowing that I could be interacting with students from Kindergarten to High School. A lot of these are open-ended questions to get the group thinking and discussing together. I’m planning on writing these on cards and having them placed in a common location for students to grab when they need. This way if the group feels that they are “stuck” or need a challenge before I recognize it then they can help themselves. Holland and Holland also talk about the benefits of active hands-on learning since students “need to hear it, touch it, see it, talk it over, grapple with it, confront it, question it, laugh about it, experience it, and reflect on it in a structured format if learning is to have any meaning and permanence” (Holland and Holland; 2014) I believe that with my added task after our four days together and the “problem cards” I have extended the learning experience for my students. Practice doesnt make perfectWhile thinking through this lesson I was concerned about classroom management. I work online, students and teachers are not used to interacting in person as a whole group. Using a MakeyMakey after state testing will be a different experience than many are used to. Plus, this is a lesson where students are supposed to get noisy, move around, work together, talk, rip things, build things, move things, laugh, etc. However the focus still needs to be on the task of building a musical room. While I was reading an article about motivation with games I checked myself against the three requirements of motivation from the self-determination theory: “autonomy, competence, and relatedness” (Eseryel, Law, Ifenthaler, Xun, & Miller; 2014). Students were given a lot of autonomy in this lesson; they decided what they made with whatever materials they could. Students would be gaining competence each hour and each day because of the ease of use of the MakeyMakey. This technology is weird to use at first, but it gets easier. Students will gain ability relatively quickly while working in their group and the MakeyMakey. Lastly students will have relatedness because they are all working together for a common goal using something that most of them (if not all) have never seen before. There is a straight forward goal of making a room come alive by just touching it, but they get to decide all the details to get there. With these three main things ‘checked off’ I think that classroom management will be stress-free since students will be motivated and engaged. The main concern I have is students waiting for the MakeyMakey. I think I can get at least one more kit before I put this plan into action however. 🙂
References

  1. Culatta, R. (2014, July 14). Reimagining Learning: Richard Culatta at TEDxBeaconStreet. [Video File]TEDxTalks. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=Z0uAuonMXrg July 17 2014

 

  1. Eseryel, D., Law, V., Ifenthaler, D., Xun, G. & Miller, R. (2014). An Investigation of the Interrelationships between Movidation, Engagement, and Complex Problem Solving in Game-based Learning. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 17(1), 42 – 53. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=db215c29-f1cd-4d15-b463-aa1128c74f6a%40sessionmgr114&vid=2&hid=112 July 17 2014 (14364522)

 

  1. Holland, J. & Holland, J. (2014). Implications of Shifting Technology in Education. Techtrends: Linking Research & Practice to Improve Learning 58(3), 16-25. Retrieved from https://web-b-ebscohost-com.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/ehost/detail?vid=3&sid=c7893362-5816-4730-94af-ff2ed0cf3ecf%40sessionmgr114&hid=124&bdata=JnNjb3BlPXNpdGU%3d#db=eft&AN=95712398 July 17 2014 (87563894)

 

  1. Kathyschrock (2009). Teaching. Retrieved July 17, 2014 from Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kathyschrock/3548570278/

 

  1. Shannon (2012). Practice Makes Progress. Retrieved July 17, 2014 from http://www.technologyrocksseriously.com/2012/09/sayings-posters-quotes-oh-my-part-7.html

 

Making Music

A new week of CEP 811 and a new task to work with! This week I was asked to use the maker kit I bought and random items to create something awesome that I can do with students I work with.

 

First of all I’ll explain my Maker Kit a little more. I bought a MakeyMakey for about $50.00 a couple weeks ago. When I first received it in the mail I started playing with it. I just started plugging in things and playing around in a Word document. I even got my Dad to push bananas and strawberries while I was playing – he loved it! This week I played a LOT more. I tried using a glass of water, pop cans, aluminum foil, pencil/paper drawings, play-dough, and other items around my house. I also raided the basement of my parents’ house and found a couple fun things to play around with. I looked for items with metal on them to ensure that they were conductive and would work easily with the MakeyMakey. If you’ve never heard of MakeyMakey before (don’t worry I hadn’t until a few weeks ago!) then you should click on the above link or Google examples of awesome ways you can use MakeyMakey. Some ideas that inspired me are: Operation Game, Musical Fruit, Multiple Examples.

 

I teach my students online and rarely see them in person to interact with them. I can think of some ways that I can use a MakeyMakey with a webcam in my online classroom, but I wanted to come up with a way for students to physically use the “inventing machine”. One of the main times that I meet with large groups of students without another pre-planned activity is during Standardized Testing period. All the teachers in my school travel to various parts of Michigan to physically test all students that attend our online school. During this time we play ice-breaker games to get students to know one another and interact physically with other students of all grade levels. This led me to the idea that I could use the MakeyMakey to encourage students to work together on a task while getting to know one another. Then I stumbled upon THIS online – a musical room created using a MakeyMakey! I knew I wanted to make a plan to recreate that! An interactive room where there are things all across the room that make different noises; a room where students have worked together to use their creativity and invent a way for found items to be used with a MakeyMakey and engage audiences.

 

In order to prepare for when I set a bunch of students loose with a MakeyMakey and a random room I tried a few different things they might create. I also wrote a lesson plan that would span a week of testing at a site with materials and a general outline. I think that having students explore conductivity and inventing collaboratively with a MakeyMakey connects with Common Core Math standards of using appropriate tools strategically (CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP5 ) and making sense of problems and persevering in solving them (CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP1). Students will be introduced to a new technology and be asked to use it in a thoughtful way that others can interact with and understand. Practicing that skill will help students in the future with any new technology, not just a MakeyMakey or similar product. Students will also be given the open-ended task of using the new technology to solve the problem of creating an interactive musical room. This will not be an easy or intuitive task for most students and they will have to work together and persevere when their MakeyMakey creation does not go as expected.

 

During my play time this week I tried creating a musical set of drinking glasses, interactive drawing, and musical bookcases when you put items back on the bookcase. I ended up recording a video on the first two. If you want to re-create them yourself, read the instructions below as well.

MakeyMakey Water Glass Drum Set Video

MakeyMakey Interactive Drawing Video

 

How-To for the MakeyMakey Water Glass Drum Set:

1)      Create an aluminum foil Earth grounding board. This will be used to stand on later so make it large enough to step on with two bare feet.

  • Get a piece of study paper (I used card stock)
  • Cover one side with aluminum foil.
  • Tape around all sides, but a small spot where you will clip the alligator clip later with the MakeyMakey.

         photo 1 photo 2          

2)      Go to a site that helps you create a musical instrument using your keyboard. I used Virtual Keyboard, but another great one I found was the Virtual Piano.Virtual Keyboard

3)      Gather drinking glasses mostly filled with water. I used four, but you can use as many as you want. Place a wire (6 were included in the MakeyMakey kit) in each drinking glass. I bent mine a little to better keep them in the water while I played music with the water glasses. Just a helpful hint from experience – though not required.photo 3

4)      Clip an alligator clip to each wire, ensuring that you are clipping to the metal wire and not the insulated coating. Clip the other end of the alligator clip to the MakeyMakey. Using the virtual keyboard above you should clip to the options available (C, D, E, F, G, …) on the back of the MakeyMakey board.photo 4

5)      Plug the MakeyMakey board into the computer (I love how easy this step is!) and plug another alligator clip to the Earth part of the board to ground yourself. Clip your aluminum foil grounding board to the other end of that alligator clip. I wanted to be able to stand (or have unsuspecting people stand) on the aluminum foil grounding board on the ground and play the drinking glasses therefore I had to connect a couple alligator clips together to get it long enough to reach the ground.photo 5

6)      You should be all set to just touch the water in the glass and hear beautiful music. Or at least a lot of noise (those sounds in my video were not what I would call “beautiful”.

 

How-To for the MakeyMakey Interactive Drawing:

 1)      Draw a picture using a graphite pencil or any conductive material. I thought about easy things to draw with simple sounds that easily go with my picture. However you could have a bird chirp when you touch a marshmallow – there are no rules here!

  • Make sure you that you darkly color in parts of the picture that will be touched. For the spots on the dog in my photo I had to darkly color connecting lines to not break the conductive path.
  • Darkly color a line that goes to the edge of the paper so that you can later clip an alligator clip to the paper. At the bottom of my drawing I extended the baby’s bottom and dog leg to touch the bottom of the paper without making a more obvious connecting line.

drawing

2)      Open SoundPlant and download it if you do not already have it.

SoundPlant

3)      Find sounds that you want your picture to have. I used SoundBible and searched for Public Domain sounds. You could use sounds you already have or use a different method to get sounds. If you have another easy way – please comment and let me know what you used.SoundBible

4)      Set up so that those sounds are attached to the keyboard in the way that you envisioned. If you’ve never used SoundPlant before read the manual that comes with the download, but the ‘open sound’ button is the main one to attach a sound once you click on a keyboard button.

5)      Plug alligator clips to the corresponding keys on the MakeyMakey. I chose the arrow keys for my drawing. Plug the aluminum foil grounding board to the Earth part of the MakeyMakey board in the same way you did above during step 5.photo 2 (2)

6)      Now plug the other ends of the alligator clips to the drawing to match the sounds. I created a key to help me plug the correct clip to the correct part of the drawing.

photo 3 (2)photo 1 (2)          

7)      To make it look more like an actual framed artwork (and to cover up the wires some) I cut out a frame from some cardstock. You could use an actual picture frame as well. Or whatever you want. We are inventing here!

photo 2 (1)

8)      Now you are all set to go back to SoundPlant, step on the aluminum foil grounding board, touch your drawing, and hear the corresponding noises you chose.

 

This week I had a lot of fun exploring and learning! I thrifted a few items to try and have music go off while you put items on a bookshelf, however I have not yet figured out how to get it to work. I’ll keep working and hopefully have an update later this summer with a solution. It would make a fun addition to the musical room and could maybe even help toddlers have fun cleaning up their toys or something similar.